postgresql 

Allows SELECT and INSERT queries to be performed on data that is stored on a remote PostgreSQL server.

Syntax

postgresql('host:port', 'database', 'table', 'user', 'password'[, `schema`])

Arguments

  • host:port — PostgreSQL server address.
  • database — Remote database name.
  • table — Remote table name.
  • user — PostgreSQL user.
  • password — User password.
  • schema — Non-default table schema. Optional.

Returned Value

A table object with the same columns as the original PostgreSQL table.

Implementation Details 

SELECT queries on PostgreSQL side run as COPY (SELECT ...) TO STDOUT inside read-only PostgreSQL transaction with commit after each SELECT query.

Simple WHERE clauses such as =, !=, >, >=, <, <=, and IN are executed on the PostgreSQL server.

All joins, aggregations, sorting, IN [ array ] conditions and the LIMIT sampling constraint are executed in ClickHouse only after the query to PostgreSQL finishes.

INSERT queries on PostgreSQL side run as COPY "table_name" (field1, field2, ... fieldN) FROM STDIN inside PostgreSQL transaction with auto-commit after each INSERT statement.

PostgreSQL Array types converts into ClickHouse arrays.

Supports multiple replicas that must be listed by |. For example:

SELECT name FROM postgresql(`postgres{1|2|3}:5432`, 'postgres_database', 'postgres_table', 'user', 'password');

or

SELECT name FROM postgresql(`postgres1:5431|postgres2:5432`, 'postgres_database', 'postgres_table', 'user', 'password');

Supports replicas priority for PostgreSQL dictionary source. The bigger the number in map, the less the priority. The highest priority is 0.

Examples

Table in PostgreSQL:

postgres=# CREATE TABLE "public"."test" (
"int_id" SERIAL,
"int_nullable" INT NULL DEFAULT NULL,
"float" FLOAT NOT NULL,
"str" VARCHAR(100) NOT NULL DEFAULT '',
"float_nullable" FLOAT NULL DEFAULT NULL,
PRIMARY KEY (int_id));

CREATE TABLE

postgres=# INSERT INTO test (int_id, str, "float") VALUES (1,'test',2);
INSERT 0 1

postgresql> SELECT * FROM test;
  int_id | int_nullable | float | str  | float_nullable
 --------+--------------+-------+------+----------------
       1 |              |     2 | test |
(1 row)

Selecting data from ClickHouse:

SELECT * FROM postgresql('localhost:5432', 'test', 'test', 'postgresql_user', 'password') WHERE str IN ('test');
┌─int_id─┬─int_nullable─┬─float─┬─str──┬─float_nullable─┐
│      1 │         ᴺᵁᴸᴸ │     2 │ test │           ᴺᵁᴸᴸ │
└────────┴──────────────┴───────┴──────┴────────────────┘

Inserting:

INSERT INTO TABLE FUNCTION postgresql('localhost:5432', 'test', 'test', 'postgrsql_user', 'password') (int_id, float) VALUES (2, 3);
SELECT * FROM postgresql('localhost:5432', 'test', 'test', 'postgresql_user', 'password');
┌─int_id─┬─int_nullable─┬─float─┬─str──┬─float_nullable─┐
│      1 │         ᴺᵁᴸᴸ │     2 │ test │           ᴺᵁᴸᴸ │
│      2 │         ᴺᵁᴸᴸ │     3 │      │           ᴺᵁᴸᴸ │
└────────┴──────────────┴───────┴──────┴────────────────┘

Using Non-default Schema:

postgres=# CREATE SCHEMA "nice.schema";

postgres=# CREATE TABLE "nice.schema"."nice.table" (a integer);

postgres=# INSERT INTO "nice.schema"."nice.table" SELECT i FROM generate_series(0, 99) as t(i)
CREATE TABLE pg_table_schema_with_dots (a UInt32)
        ENGINE PostgreSQL('localhost:5432', 'clickhouse', 'nice.table', 'postgrsql_user', 'password', 'nice.schema');

See Also

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