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Integrating Object Storage with ClickHouse Cloud

Prerequisite

You have familiarized yourself with the ClickPipes intro.

Creating your first ClickPipe

  1. Access the SQL Console for your ClickHouse Cloud Service.

    ClickPipes service

  2. Select the Data Sources button on the left-side menu and click on "Set up a ClickPipe"

    Select imports

  3. Select your data source.

    Select data source type

  4. Fill out the form by providing your ClickPipe with a name, a description (optional), your IAM role or credentials, and bucket URL. You can specify multiple files using bash-like wildcards. For more information, see the documentation on using wildcards in path.

    Fill out connection details

  5. The UI will display a list of files in the specified bucket. Select your data format (we currently support a subset of ClickHouse formats) and if you want to enable continuous ingestion More details below.

    Set data format and topic

  6. In the next step, you can select whether you want to ingest data into a new ClickHouse table or reuse an existing one. Follow the instructions in the screen to modify your table name, schema, and settings. You can see a real-time preview of your changes in the sample table at the top.

    Set table, schema, and settings

    You can also customize the advanced settings using the controls provided

    Set advanced controls

  7. Alternatively, you can decide to ingest your data in an existing ClickHouse table. In that case, the UI will allow you to map fields from the source to the ClickHouse fields in the selected destination table.

    Use and existing table

info

You can also map virtual columns, like _path or _size, to fields.

  1. Finally, you can configure permissions for the internal clickpipes user.

    Permissions: ClickPipes will create a dedicated user for writing data into a destination table. You can select a role for this internal user using a custom role or one of the predefined role:

    • Full access: with the full access to the cluster. Required if you use Materialized View or Dictionary with the destination table.
    • Only destination table: with the INSERT permissions to the destination table only.

    permissions

  2. By clicking on "Complete Setup", the system will register you ClickPipe, and you'll be able to see it listed in the summary table.

    Success notice

    Remove notice

    The summary table provides controls to display sample data from the source or the destination table in ClickHouse

    View destination

    As well as controls to remove the ClickPipe and display a summary of the ingest job.

    View overview

  3. Congratulations! you have successfully set up your first ClickPipe. If this is a streaming ClickPipe it will be continuously running, ingesting data in real-time from your remote data source. Otherwise it will ingest the batch and complete.

Supported Data Sources

NameLogoTypeStatusDescription
Amazon S3Object StorageBetaConfigure ClickPipes to ingest large volumes of data from object storage.
Google Cloud StorageObject StorageBetaConfigure ClickPipes to ingest large volumes of data from object storage.

More connectors are will get added to ClickPipes, you can find out more by contacting us.

Supported data formats

The supported formats are:

Scaling

Object Storage ClickPipes are scaled based on the minimum ClickHouse service size determined by the configured vertical autoscaling settings. The size of the ClickPipe is determined when the pipe is created. Subsequent changes to the ClickHouse service settings will not affect the ClickPipe size.

To increase the throughput on large ingest jobs, we recommend scaling the ClickHouse service before creating the ClickPipe.

Materialized Views

Materialized views created while an Object Storage ClickPipe is running will not be populated. Stopping and restarting the pipe will cause the pipe to pick up the materialized views and start populating them.

For best results, we recommend stopping the pipe, creating the materialized views, and then restarting the pipe.

Limitations

  • Role authentication is not available for S3 ClickPipes for ClickHouse Cloud instances deployed into GCP or Azure. It is only supported for AWS ClickHouse Cloud instances.
  • ClickPipes will only attempt to ingest objects at 1GB or smaller in size. If a file is greater than 1 GB an error will be appended to the ClickPipes dedicated error table.
  • S3 / GCS ClickPipes does not share a listing syntax with the S3 Table Function.
    • ? — Substitutes any single character
    • * — Substitutes any number of any characters except / including empty string
    • ** — Substitutes any number of any character include / including empty string

Continuous Ingest

ClickPipes supports continuous ingestion from both S3 and GCS. When enabled, ClickPipes will continuously ingest data from the specified path, it will poll for new files at a rate of once every 30 seconds. However, new files must be lexically greater than the last ingested file, meaning they must be named in a way that defines the ingestion order. For instance, files named file1, file2, file3, etc., will be ingested sequentially. If a new file is added with a name like file0, ClickPipes will not ingest it because it is not lexically greater than the last ingested file.

Archive table

ClickPipes will create a table next to your destination table with the postfix s3_clickpipe_<clickpipe_id>_archive. This table will contain a list of all the files that have been ingested by the ClickPipe. This table is used to track files during ingestion and can be used to verify files have been ingested. The archive table has a TTL of 7 days.

Authentication

S3

You can access public buckets with no configuration, and with protected buckets you can use IAM credentials or an IAM Role. You can refer to this guide to understand the required permission for accessing your data.

GCS

Like S3, you can access public buckets with no configuration, and with protected buckets you can use HMAC Keys in place of the AWS IAM credentials. You can read this guide from Google Cloud on how to setup such keys.

Service Accounts for GCS aren't directly supported. HMAC (IAM) Credentials must be used when authenticating with non-public buckets. The Service Account permissions attached to the HMAC credentials should be storage.objects.list and storage.objects.get.

F.A.Q.

  • Does ClickPipes support GCS buckets prefixed with gs://?

No. For interoprability reasons we ask you to replace your gs:// bucket prefix with https://storage.googleapis.com/.

  • When will continuous ingestion be available?

Continuous ingestion is being actively developed and is available to select number of customers for feedback. It will be available to all customers in due course.