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How to Build ClickHouse on Linux

Supported platforms:

  • x86_64
  • AArch64
  • PowerPC 64 LE (experimental)
  • RISC-V 64 (experimental)

Building on Ubuntu

The following tutorial is based on Ubuntu Linux. With appropriate changes, it should also work on any other Linux distribution. The minimum recommended Ubuntu version for development is 22.04 LTS.

Install Prerequisites

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install git cmake ccache python3 ninja-build nasm yasm gawk lsb-release wget software-properties-common gnupg

Install and Use the Clang compiler

On Ubuntu/Debian, you can use LLVM's automatic installation script; see here.

sudo bash -c "$(wget -O -"

Note: in case of trouble, you can also use this:

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:ubuntu-toolchain-r/test

For other Linux distributions - check the availability of LLVM's prebuild packages.

As of March 2024, clang-17 or higher will work. GCC as a compiler is not supported. To build with a specific Clang version:


This is optional, if you are following along and just now installed Clang then check to see what version you have installed before setting this environment variable.

export CC=clang-18
export CXX=clang++-18

Install Rust compiler

First follow the steps in the official rust documentation to install rustup.

As with C++ dependencies, ClickHouse uses vendoring to control exactly what's installed and avoid depending on third party services (like the registry).

Although in release mode any rust modern rustup toolchain version should work with this dependencies, if you plan to enable sanitizers you must use a version that matches the exact same std as the one used in CI (for which we vendor the crates):

rustup toolchain install nightly-2024-04-01
rustup default nightly-2024-04-01
rustup component add rust-src

Checkout ClickHouse Sources

git clone --recursive --shallow-submodules [email protected]:ClickHouse/ClickHouse.git


git clone --recursive --shallow-submodules

Build ClickHouse

cd ClickHouse
mkdir build
cmake -S . -B build
cmake --build build # or: `cd build; ninja`

In case cmake isn't able to detect the number of available logical cores, the build will be done by one thread. To overcome this, you can tweak cmake to use a specific number of threads with -j flag, for example, cmake --build build -j 16. Alternatively, you can generate build files with a specific number of jobs in advance to avoid always setting the flag: cmake -DPARALLEL_COMPILE_JOBS=16 -S . -B build, where 16 is the desired number of threads.

To create an executable, run cmake --build build --target clickhouse (or: cd build; ninja clickhouse). This will create an executable build/programs/clickhouse, which can be used with client or server arguments.

Building on Any Linux

The build requires the following components:

  • Git (used to checkout the sources, not needed for the build)
  • CMake 3.20 or newer
  • Compiler: clang-18 or newer
  • Linker: lld-17 or newer
  • Ninja
  • Yasm
  • Gawk
  • rustc

If all the components are installed, you may build it in the same way as the steps above.

Example for OpenSUSE Tumbleweed:

sudo zypper install git cmake ninja clang-c++ python lld nasm yasm gawk
git clone --recursive
mkdir build
cmake -S . -B build
cmake --build build

Example for Fedora Rawhide:

sudo yum update
sudo yum --nogpg install git cmake make clang python3 ccache lld nasm yasm gawk
git clone --recursive
mkdir build
cmake -S . -B build
cmake --build build

Building in docker

We use the docker image clickhouse/binary-builder for our CI builds. It contains everything necessary to build the binary and packages. There is a script docker/packager/packager to ease the image usage:

# define a directory for the output artifacts
# a simplest build
./docker/packager/packager --package-type=binary --output-dir "$output_dir"
# build debian packages
./docker/packager/packager --package-type=deb --output-dir "$output_dir"
# by default, debian packages use thin LTO, so we can override it to speed up the build
CMAKE_FLAGS='-DENABLE_THINLTO=' ./docker/packager/packager --package-type=deb --output-dir "./$(git rev-parse --show-cdup)/build_results"